Charles August Kraus

Professor of Chemistry, Brown University
Father of Mary Elizabeth Kraus Hartline

Web Links

Portrait & excerpt from Gentlemen Under the Elms by Jay Berry.

Wikipedia page

Publications

(From Journal of the American Chemical Society webpages)
A HITHERTO UNOBSERVED PHENOMENON IN SOLUTIONS OF LONG-CHAIN SALTS IN METHANOL-WATER MIXTURES
E. Charles Evers, Philip F. Grieger, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1946; 68(6); 1137-1137.

Preparation of Methylaluminum Chlorides
Vincent F. Hnizda, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1938; 60(9); 2276-2276.

THE FUOSS-ONSAGER CONDUCTANCE EQUATION AT HIGH CONCENTRATIONS
Robert L. Kay, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1959; 81(9); 2270-2270.

Additions and Corrections-Chemistry of the Tris-(triphenylgermanyl)-silyl Group
John Milligan, Charles Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1951; 73(12); 5927-5927.

The Reactions of Sodium Triphenylstannide with Polyhalogenated Methanes
Charles A. Kraus, Harry Eatough
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1933; 55(12); 5014-5016.

PHASE RELATIONS IN THE SYSTEM, SODIUM AMIDE-POTASSIUM AMIDE, AS DETERMINED FROM MELTING-POINT CURVES
Charles A. Kraus, Eustace J. Cuy
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1923; 45(3); 712-715.

The Association Constants of Several Carboxylic Acids in Benzene as Determined Cryoscopically
Bernard C. Barton, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1951; 73(10); 4561-4562.

ON THE MAXIMUM IN THE EQUIVALENT CONDUCTIVITY OF TWO PARAFFIN-CHAIN SALTS IN WATER
George L. Brown, Philip F. Grieger, E. Charles Evers, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1947; 69(7); 1835-1836.

AN IMPROVED STILL FOR PRODUCING PURE WATER
Charles A. Kraus, Wilbur B. Dexter
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1922; 44(11); 2468-2471.

MERCURY VAPOR PUMPS FOR OPERATING AGAINST HIGH PRESSURES.
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1917; 39(10); 2183-2186.

Quaternary Ammonium Salts with Anions Containing Triphenylboron
D. Leigh Fowler, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1940; 62(5); 1143-1144.

COMPOUNDS FORMED BETWEEN TRIMETHYLTIN HYDROXIDE AND TRIMETHYLTIN HALIDES
Charles A. Kraus, T. Harada
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1925; 47(9); 2416-2419.

Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXI. The Conductance of Tributylammonium Picrate in Ethylene Chloride at 25
Darwin J. Mead, Raymond M. Fuoss, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1939; 61(12); 3257-3259.

THE EXTRAPOLATION OF CONDUCTIVITY DATA TO ZERO CONCENTRATION. A REPLY.
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1920; 42(6); 1087-1090.

THE COMPOSITION OF THE LIQUID PHASES IN A MONOVARIANT SYSTEM, LIQUID-LIQUID-VAPOR, FOR MIXTURES OF SODIUM AND AMMONIA
Charles A. Kraus, Walter W. Lucasse
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1922; 44(9); 1949-1953.

Preparation of Some Derivatives of Triphenylgermanium by Means of Sodium Triphenylgermanide
Charles A. Kraus, Clarence S. Sherman
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1933; 55(11); 4694-4697.

THE RESISTANCE-TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT OF CONCENTRATED SOLUTIONS OF POTASSIUM IN LIQUID AMMONIA AND THE SPECIFIC CONDUCTANCE OF SOLUTIONS OF POTASSIUM IN LIQUID AMMONIA AT INTERMEDIATE CONCENTRATIONS
Charles A. Kraus, Walter W. Lucasse
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1923; 45(11); 2551-2555.

STUDIES RELATING TO BORON. II. ACTION OF LITHIUM ON ETHYLAMMINO BORON TRIFLUORIDE
Charles A. Kraus, Earl H. Brown
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1930; 52(11); 4414-4418.

Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XLVIII. Conductance of Some Long Chain Salts in Water at 251
Edward J. Bair, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1951; 73(3); 1129-1131.

Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXXII. Conductance of Some Long Chain Salts in Ethylene Chloride and Nitrobenzene at 251
Harold E. Weaver, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1948; 70(5); 1707-1709.

Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. VII. Conductance of Sodium Trimethylstannide and of the Sodium Salts of Certain Phenols and Thiols in Liquid Ammonia
Charles A. Kraus, Edmund G. Johnson
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1933; 55(9); 3542-3547.

Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. VI. Conductance of Sodium Triphenylstannide, Sodium Triphenylgermanide and Sodium Triphenylmethide in Liquid Ammonia1
Charles A. Kraus, W. Harlow Kahler
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1933; 55(9); 3537-3542.

Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XIII. Freezing Points of Solutions in Benzene1
Forrest M. Batson, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1934; 56(10); 2017-2020.

STUDIES RELATING TO ORGANIC GERMANIUM DERIVATIVES. II. SOME TRIPHENYL GERMANIUM DERIVATIVES AND THEIR REACTIONS
Charles A. Kraus, Charles B. Wooster
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1930; 52(1); 372-376.

STUDIES RELATING TO METALLO-ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. III. COMPOUNDS FORMED BETWEEN ALKYL TIN HALIDES AND AMMONIA AND THE AMINES
Charles A. Kraus, Willard N. Greer
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1923; 45(12); 3078-3083.

Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXIV. Conductance of Some Substituted Ammonium Salts in Ethylene Chloride1
Lawrence M. Tucker, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1947; 69(2); 454-456.

Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. VIII. Conductance of Some Ternary Salts in Liquid Ammonia
Charles A. Kraus, Paul B. Bien
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1933; 55(9); 3609-3614.

THE CONDUCTANCE OF SOLUTIONS OF SALTS IN PHENOL AT 50
Charles A. Kraus, Herman F. Kurtz
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1922; 44(11); 2463-2468.

Some Unusual Hydrates of Quaternary Ammonium Salts
D. L. Fowler, W. V. Loebenstein, D. B. Pall, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1940; 62(5); 1140-1142.

Heats of Solution and Heats of Reaction in Liquid Ammonia. III
Charles A. Kraus, Frederic C. Schmidt
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1934; 56(11); 2297-2300.

Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XIV. The Dielectric Constant of Some Solutions of Electrolytes in Benzene1
Gilman S. Hooper, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1934; 56(11); 2265-2268.

THE PREPARATION AND PROPERTIES OF TRIMETHYLSTANNANE
Charles A. Kraus, Willard N. Greer
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1922; 44(11); 2629-2633.

Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXXVII. The Conductance of Some Long Chain Salts in Acetone-Water Mixtures1
Howard S. Young, Philip F. Grieger, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1949; 71(1); 309-312.

Heats of Solution and Heats of Reaction in Liquid Ammonia. II
Charles A. Kraus, Ralph F. Prescott
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1934; 56(1); 86-88.

THE DENSITY OF SOLUTIONS OF SODIUM IN LIQUID AMMONIA
Charles A. Kraus, E. Seaton Carney, Warren C. Johnson
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1927; 49(9); 2206-2213.

STUDIES RELATING TO ALKYL TIN COMPOUNDS. I. SOME STANNOETHANES. II. TRIMETHYLBENZYL STANNANE
Charles A. Kraus, Ralph H. Bullard
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1926; 48(8); 2131-2136.

Studies Relating to Boron. IV. n-Butylboron Chlorides1
Robert B. Booth, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1952; 74(6); 1415-1417.

THE CONDUCTANCE OF SODIUM IODIDE IN AMYL ALCOHOL AT VERY LOW CONCENTRATIONS
Charles A. Kraus, J. Egbert Bishop
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1922; 44(10); 2206-2212.

Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XLIX. Conductance of Some Salts in Water at 251
Maurice J. McDowell, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1951; 73(5); 2170-2173.

Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XVII. The Conductance of Some Salts in Benzene and Dioxane
William F. Luder, Philip B. Kraus, Charles A. Kraus, Raymond M. Fuoss
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1936; 58(2); 255-258.
Studies Relating to Organic Germanium Derivatives. VI. Reactions of Sodium Triphenylgermanide with Organic Polyhalides in Liquid Ammonia and Diethyl Ether1
Frank B. Smith, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1952; 74(6); 1418-1420.
First Page Full: PDF (452k)
 
Non-Coulombic Interactions in Solutions of Electrolytes.
Charles A. Kraus
J. Phys. Chem.; 1939; 43(2); 231-238.
(428k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XL. Conductance of Aluminum Bromide in Several Solvents and of Methylaluminum Bromides in Methyl Bromide1
William J. Jacober, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1949; 71(7); 2405-2408.
(442k)
 
The Extraction of Germanium and Gallium from Germanite. I. The Removal of Germanium by the Distillation of Germanous Sulfide
Warren C. Johnson, Laurence S. Foster, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1935; 57(10); 1828-1831.
(421k)
 
THE CALIBRATION OF CELLS FOR CONDUCTANCE MEASUREMENTS
Charles A. Kraus, Henry C. Parker
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1922; 44(11); 2422-2428.
(473k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXIII. Conductance of Several Quaternary Onium Salts in Ethylene Chloride at 251
Leland F. Gleysteen, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1947; 69(2); 451-454.
(487k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. IX. Conductance of Some Salts in Benzene
Raymond M. Fuoss, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1933; 55(9); 3614-3620.
(431k)
 
THE EQUILIBRIUM IN MIXTURES OF BINARY ELECTROLYTES.
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1921; 43(12); 2507-2514.
(594k)
 
THE SO-CALLED "METAL AMMONIUMS." THE VAPOR PRESSURES OF SOLUTIONS OF LITHIUM IN LIQUID AMMONIA
Charles A. Kraus, Warren C. Johnson
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1925; 47(3); 725-731.
(465k)
 
STUDIES RELATING TO METHYL TIN DERIVATIVES. V. ACTION OF SODIUM TRIMETHYL TIN ON METHYLENE CHLORIDE
Charles A. Kraus, Arthur M. Neal
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1930; 52(2); 695-701.
(477k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XLIII. Effect of Ammonia and Water on the Conductance of Lithium, Sodium and Silver Ions in Pyridine at 251
Charles J. Carignan, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1949; 71(9); 2983-2987.
(489k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. LIV. The Conductance and Molecular Weight of Some Salts in Benzene at Higher Concentrations1
Howard S. Young, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1951; 73(10); 4732-4735.
(500k)
 
A Study of Interactions between Dipole Molecules in Benzene Solution by a Cryoscopic Method1
Bernard C. Barton, David A. Rothrock, , Jr. Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1952; 74(3); 786-789.
(503k)
 
Compounds of Germanium and Hydrogen: Some of their Reactions and Derivatives. I. Preparation of Monogermane. II. Sodium Trihydrogermanides
Charles A. Kraus, E. Seaton Carney
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1934; 56(4); 765-768.
(494k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XX. Freezing Points of Solutions of Electrolytes in Benzene1
David A. Rothrock, , Jr. Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1937; 59(9); 1699-1703.
(497k)
 
THE CONDUCTANCE OF SOLUTIONS OF TERNARY ELECTROLYTES IN PROPYL ALCOHOL.
Charles A. Kraus, John Egbert Bishop
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1921; 43(7); 1568-1575.
(481k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. L. Effect of Substituent Groups on the Properties of Long Chain Ions1
Maurice J. McDowell, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1951; 73(5); 2173-2176.
(521k)
 
The Extraction of Germanium and Gallium from Germanite. II. The Acid Extraction of Gallium
Laurence S. Foster, Warren C. Johnson, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1935; 57(10); 1832-1835.
(469k)
 
STUDIES RELATING TO BORON. I. REACTION OF BORON TRIFLUORIDE WITH AMMONIA AND ALKYLAMINES
Charles A. Kraus, Earl H. Brown
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1929; 51(9); 2690-2696.
(475k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXVIII. Conductance of Some Salts in Nitrobenzene at 251
Edward G. Taylor, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1947; 69(7); 1731-1735.
(621k)

 
Reactions and Reagents in Liquid Ammonia.
Charles A. Kraus
Chem. Rev.; 1940; 26(1); 95-104.
(566k)
 
Triphenylsilicyl Ethylammine (C6H5)3SiC2H5NH2
Charles A. Kraus, Harry Eatough
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1933; 55(12); 5008-5014.
(835k)
 
The Action of Sodium upon Trimethylgallium and Dimethylgallium Chloride in Liquid Ammonia
Charles A. Kraus, Frank E. Toonder
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1933; 55(9); 3547-3554.
(553k)
 
Chemistry of the Tris-(triphenylgermanyl)-silyl Group1
John G. Milligan, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1950; 72(11); 5297-5300.
(580k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. LII. Conductance of Some Salts of Acetone
Maurice J. McDowell, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1951; 73(7); 3293-3296.
(490k)
 
STUDIES RELATING TO ORGANIC GERMANIUM DERIVATIVES. III. DIPHENYL GERMANIUM DIHALIDES AND DIPHENYL GERMANIUM IMINE
Charles A. Kraus, Cecil L. Brown
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1930; 52(9); 3690-3696.
(509k)
 
THE DIMETHYLTIN GROUP AND SOME OF ITS REACTIONS
Charles A. Kraus, Willard N. Greer
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1925; 47(10); 2568-2575.
(573k)
 
THE CONSTITUTION OF TRIPHENYLSILICANE AND ITS REACTION WITH SODIUM IN LIQUID AMMONIA1
Harry H. Reynolds, Lucius A. Bigelow, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1929; 51(10); 3067-3072.
(414k)
 
STUDIES RELATING TO METALLO-ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. IV. THE CONDUCTANCE OF TRIMETHYL STANNYL CHLORIDE IN MIXED SOLVENTS
Charles A. Kraus, Willard N. Greer
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1923; 45(12); 2946-2954.
(583k)
 
THE POTENTIAL OF THE SODIUM ELECTRODE.
Gilbert N. Lewis, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1910; 32(11); 1459-1468.
(542k)


Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXVII. The Conductance of Several Quaternary Ammonium Salts in Ethylene Chloride at 251
Walter E. Thompson, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1947; 69(5); 1016-1020.
(612k)
 
Reaction of Germanes. I. With Alkali Metals and Amides. II. Polyalkylgermanes. III. Phenyl Bromide and Sodium Germanyl1
Sivert N. Glarum, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1950; 72(12); 5398-5401.
(577k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXXIV. Conductance of Some Long Chain Electrolytes in Methanol-Water Mixtures at 251
E. Charles Evers, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1948; 70(9); 3049-3054.
(629k)
 
STUDIES RELATING TO METHYL TIN DERIVATIVES. VI. THE REACTION BETWEEN CHLOROFORM AND SODIUM TRIMETHYL STANNIDE IN LIQUID AMMONIA
Charles A. Kraus, Arthur M. Neal
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1930; 52(11); 4426-4433.
(528k)
 
THE RESISTANCE-TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT OF CONCENTRATED SOLUTIONS OF SODIUM IN LIQUID AMMONIA
Charles A. Kraus, Walter W. Lucasse
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1922; 44(9); 1941-1949.
(521k)
 
REACTIONS OF STRONGLY ELECTROPOSITIVE METALS WITH ORGANIC SUBSTANCES IN LIQUID AMMONIA SOLUTION. IV. ACTION OF THE ALKALI METALS ON TRIPHENYLMETHYL AND ITS COMPOUNDS
Charles A. Kraus, T. Kawamura
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1923; 45(11); 2756-2763.
(539k)
 
Compounds of Germanium and Hydrogen. III. Monoalkylgermanes. IV. Potassium Germanyl. V. Electrolysis of Sodium Germanyl1
Gordon K. Teal, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1950; 72(10); 4706-4709.
(569k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XII. The Influence of Temperature on the Conductance of Electrolytes in Anisole1
George S. Bien, Charles A. Kraus, Raymond M. Fuoss
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1934; 56(9); 1860-1865.
(596k)
 
CHEMISTRY OF THE TRIMETHYLTIN GROUP
Charles A. Kraus, William V. Sessions
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1925; 47(9); 2361-2368.
(580k)
 
THE RADICAL THEORY IN MODERN CHEMISTRY1
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1924; 46(10); 2196-2204.
(650k)


Further Studies of the Oxides of Potassium
Charles A. Kraus, Ellis F. Parmenter
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1934; 56(11); 2384-2388.
(593k)
 
Studies Relating to Boron. III. Some Reactions of the Aliphatic Boranes with Alkali Metals in Liquid Ammonia and Ethylamine1
J. Edward Smith, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1951; 73(6); 2751-2754.
(596k)
 
STUDIES RELATING TO METALLO-ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. I. INTRODUCTION. II. THE EQUIVALENT CONDUCTANCE OF TRIMETHYLSTANNYL CHLORIDE IN ETHYL ALCOHOL
Charles A. Kraus, Conral C. Callis
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1923; 45(11); 2624-2632.
(629k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXXVI. Effect of Addition Agents on the Conductance of Long Chain Salts1
George L. Brown, Philip F. Grieger, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1949; 71(1); 95-101.
(735k)
 
STUDIES RELATING TO ORGANIC GERMANIUM DERIVATIVES. V. REACTION OF SODIUM TRIPHENYL GERMANIDE WITH HALOGENATED METHANES IN LIQUID AMMONIA
Charles A. Kraus, Howard S. Nutting
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1932; 54(4); 1622-1630.
(622k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. III. The Dissociation Constant
Raymond M. Fuoss, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1933; 55(3); 1019-1028.
(636k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XLIV. Conductance of Some Long Chain Salts in Ethylene Chloride, Pyridine and Nitrobenzene at 251
Harold L. Pickering, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1949; 71(10); 3288-3293.
(649k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XLII. Conductance of Aluminum Bromide in Nitrobenzene on Addition of Dimethyl Ether at 251
Ross E. Van Dyke, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1949; 71(8); 2694-2699.
(630k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. X. The Freezing Point of Solutions of an Electrolyte in a Non-Polar Solvent
Charles A. Kraus, Raymond A. Vingee
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1934; 56(3); 511-516.
(635k)
 
REACTIONS OF COMPOUNDS OF TRIPHENYLMETHYL AND TRIPHENYLSILICYL IN LIQUID AMMONIA
Charles A. Kraus, Raphael Rosen
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1925; 47(11); 2739-2748.
(675k)


The Isolation and the Properties of Some Electropositive Groups and Their Bearing on the Problem of the Metallic State
Charles Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1913; 35(11); 1732-1741.
(728k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XLVII. Conductance of Some Quaternary Ammonium and Other Salts in Water at Low Concentration1
Harry M. Daggett, , Jr. Edward J. Bair, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1951; 73(2); 799-803.
(644k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXXIII. The Conductance of Some Salts in Acetone at 251
Myron B. Reynolds, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1948; 70(5); 1709-1713.
(593k)
 
Non-aqueous Reduction Reactions.
Charles A. Kraus
Chem. Rev.; 1931; 8(2); 251-264.
(696k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XLV. Conductance of Some Salts in Benzene at Higher Concentrations1
Laurence E. Strong, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1950; 72(1); 166-171.
(745k)
 
A STUDY OF THE PROPERTIES OF THE SYSTEM LITHIUM CHLORATE-WATER. I. INTRODUCTION. II. PHASE RELATIONS
Charles A. Kraus, Wayland M. Burgess
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1927; 49(5); 1226-1235.
(622k)
 
A STUDY OF THE OXIDES OF POTASSIUM AND SODIUM
Charles A. Kraus, Earle F. Whyte
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1926; 48(7); [1781]-1790.
(628k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. V. The Conductance of Some Amido Salts in Liquid Ammonia1
Charles A. Kraus, William W. Hawes
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1933; 55(7); 2776-2785.
(645k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXXVIII. The Distribution of Hexadecylpyridonium Chloride between Water and Nitrobenzene at 25
Philip F. Grieger, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1949; 71(4); 1455-1460.
(655k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXXI. Conductance of Some Electrolytes in Pyridine at 251
David S. Burgess, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1948; 70(2); 706-711.
(715k)

Studies Relating to Boron. V. Chemistry of the Dibutylboron Group1
Robert W. Auten, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1952; 74(13); 3398-3401.
(576k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. LIII. Molecular Weight of Salts in Benzene by the Cryoscopic Method1
David T. Copenhafer, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1951; 73(10); 4557-4561.
(694k)
 
THE NATURE OF THE COMPLEXES FORMED BETWEEN SODIUM AND TELLURIUM IN LIQUID AMMONIA
Charles A. Kraus, C. Y. Chiu
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1922; 44(9); 1999-2008.
(665k)
 
ALIPHATIC GERMANIUM DERIVATIVES. I. TRIETHYLGERMANIUM COMPOUNDS; SOME OF THEIR PROPERTIES AND REACTIONS
Charles A. Kraus, E. Alison Flood
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1932; 54(4); 1635-1644.
(695k)
 
SOME PHENYLGERMANIUM DERIVATIVES
Charles A. Kraus, Laurence S. Foster
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1927; 49(2); 457-467.
(718k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. IV. The Conductance Minimum and the Formation of Triple Ions Due to the Action of Coulomb Forces1
Raymond M. Fuoss, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1933; 55(6); 2387-2399.
(726k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. II. The Evaluations of 0 and of K for Incompletely Dissociated Electrolytes
Raymond M. Fuoss, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1933; 55(2); 476-488.
(772k)
 
STUDIES RELATING TO ALKYL TIN COMPOUNDS. IV. PROPERTIES OF THE COMPLEX HYDROXY BROMIDE, [(CH3)3SnOH]2(CH3)3SnBr
Charles A. Kraus, Ralph H. Bullard
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1930; 52(10); 4056-4065.
(675k)
 
THE CONDUCTANCE OF CONCENTRATED SOLUTIONS OF SODIUM AND POTASSIUM IN LIQUID AMMONIA.
Charles A. Kraus, Walter W. Lucasse
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1921; 43(12); 2529-2539.
(816k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXXV. Conductance of Some Long Chain Salts in Methanol-Water Mixtures1
Philip F. Grieger, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1948; 70(11); 3803-3811.
(1032k)

 
SOLUTIONS OF METALS IN NON-METALLIC SOLVENTS. V. THE ELECTROMOTIVE FORCE OF CONCENTRATION CELLS OF SOLUTIONS OF SODIUM IN LIQUID AMMONIA AND THE RELATIVE SPEED OF THE IONS IN THESE SOLUTIONS.1
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1914; 36(5); 864-877.
(850k)
 
GHOSH'S THEORY OF ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTIONS.
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1921; 43(12); 2514-2528.
(1073k)
 
The Chemistry of the Triethylsilicyl Group
Charles A. Kraus, Walter K. Nelson
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1934; 56(1); 195-202.
(947k)
 
THE EQUILIBRIUM IN LIQUID MIXTURES OF AMMONIA AND XYLENE
Charles A. Kraus, Edward H. Zeitfuchs
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1922; 44(6); 1249-1260.
(720k)
 
REACTIONS OF STRONGLY ELECTROPOSITIVE METALS WITH ORGANIC SUBSTANCES IN LIQUID AMMONIA SOLUTION. I. PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATIONS
Charles A. Kraus, George F. White
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1923; 45(3); 768-778.
(892k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. I. Conductance as Influenced by the Dielectric Constant of the Solvent Medium1
Charles A. Kraus, Raymond M. Fuoss
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1933; 55(1); 21-36.
(1016k)
 
Ionic Association. II. Several Salts in Dioxane-Water Mixtures
Raymond M. Fuoss, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1957; 79(13); 3304-3310.
(842k)
 
EQUILIBRIA IN SYSTEMS INVOLVING CALCIUM, HYDROGEN AND NITROGEN
Charles A. Kraus, Charles B. Hurd
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1923; 45(11); 2559-2574.
(1018k)
 
Heats of Solution and Heats of Reaction in Liquid Ammonia. I
Charles A. Kraus, John A. Ridderhof
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1934; 56(1); 79-86.
(1474k)
 
THE MOLECULAR WEIGHT OF THE SODIUM-TELLURIUM COMPLEX IN LIQUID AMMONIA AS DERIVED FROM VAPOR-PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS
Charles A. Kraus, Edward H. Zeitfuchs
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1922; 44(12); 2714-2728.
(994k)
 
THE FORM OF THE CONDUCTANCE FUNCTION IN DILUTE SOLUTIONS.
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1920; 42(1); [1]-18.
(1253k)
 
SOLUTION OF METALS IN NON-METALLIC SOLVENTS; II.1 ON THE FORMATION OF COMPOUNDS BETWEEN METALS AND AMMONIA.
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1908; 30(5); 653-668.
(1349k)
 
A STUDY OF THE CONDUCTION PROCESS IN ORDINARY SODA-LIME GLASS
Charles A. Kraus, Edward H. Darby
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1922; 44(12); 2783-2797.
(1013k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXIX. The Conductance of Some Electrolytes in Nitrobenzene at 251
Charles R. Witschonke, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1947; 69(10); 2472-2481.
(1196k)
 
Electrolytes: from Dilute Solutions to Fused Salts
Charles A. Kraus
J. Phys. Chem.; 1954; 58(9); 673-683.
(1274k)
 
THE REDUCTION OF METALS FROM THEIR SALTS BY MEANS OF OTHER METALS IN LIQUID AMMONIA SOLUTION
Charles A. Kraus, Herman F. Kurtz
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1925; 47(1); 43-60.
(1202k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXXIX. Conductance of Several Salts in Ammonia at -34 by a Precision Method1
Vincent F. Hnizda, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1949; 71(5); 1565-1575.
(1222k)
 
THE CONDUCTANCE OF AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS OF IODIC ACID AND THE LIMITING VALUE OF THE EQUIVALENT CONDUCTANCE OF THE HYDROGEN ION
Charles A. Kraus, Henry C. Parker
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1922; 44(11); 2429-2449.
(1766k)
 
SOLUTIONS OF METALS IN NON-METALLIC SOLVENTS; I. GENERAL PROPERTIES OF SOLUTIONS OF METALS IN LIQUID AMMONIA.
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1907; 29(11); 1557-1571.
(841k)
 
THE CONSTITUTION OF METALLIC SUBSTANCES
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1922; 44(6); 1216-1239.
(1572k)


THE ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY OF LIQUID AMMONIA SOLUTIONS, II.
Edward C. Franklin, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1905; 27(3); 191-222.
(1499k)
 
SOLUTIONS OF METALS IN NON-METALLIC SOLVENTS. VI. THE CONDUCTANCE OF THE ALKALI METALS IN LIQUID AMMONIA.3
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1921; 43(4); 749-770.
(1435k)
  
SOLUTIONS OF METALS IN NON-METALLIC SOLVENTS; III.1 THE APPARENT MOLECULAR WEIGHT OF SODIUM DISSOLVED IN LIQUID AMMONIA.
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1908; 30(8); 1197-1219.
(1318k)
 
The Ion-Pair Concept, Its Evolution and Some Applications.
Charles A. Kraus
J. Phys. Chem.; 1956; 60(2); 129-141.
(1781k)
 
ON THE RELATION BETWEEN THE CONDUCTANCE AND THE VISCOSITY OF ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTIONS AND ITS BEARING ON THE THEORY OF THESE SOLUTIONS.
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1914; 36(1); 35-65.
(1987k)
 
SOLUTIONS OF METALS IN NON-METALLIC SOLVENTS; IV.1 MATERIAL EFFECTS ACCOMPANYING THE PASSAGE OF AN ELECTRICAL CURRENT THROUGH SOLUTIONS OF METALS IN LIQUID AMMONIA. MIGRATION EXPERIMENTS.
Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1908; 30(9); 1323-1344.
(1297k)
 
A GENERAL RELATION BETWEEN THE CONCENTRATION AND THE CONDUCTANCE OF IONIZED SUBSTANCES IN VARIOUS SOLVENTS.
Charles A. Kraus, William C. Bray
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1913; 35(10); 1315-1434.
(6925k)

 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XLVI. Conductance of Long Chain Salts at Low Concentration in Water1
Donald W. Kuhn, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1950; 72(8); 3676-3678.
(336k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XLI. Conductance of Aluminum Bromides in Methyl Bromide on Addition of Dimethyl Ether
William J. Jacober, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1949; 71(7); 2409-2412.
(353k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXX. Conductance of Some Inorganic and Organic Electrolytes in Pyridine at 251
William F. Luder, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1947; 69(10); 2481-2483.
(350k)
 
STUDIES RELATING TO ORGANIC GERMANIUM DERIVATIVES. IV. DIPHENYL GERMANIUM AND OCTAPHENYL GERMANOPROPANE
Charles A. Kraus, Cecil L. Brown
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1930; 52(10); 4031-4035.
(359k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXVI. The Conductance of Some Onium Type Salts in Ethylene Chloride at 251
Ernest R. Kline, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1947; 69(4); 814-816.
(390k)
 
STUDIES RELATING TO ALKYL TIN COMPOUNDS. III. SOME PROPERTIES OF TRIMETHYL TIN HYDROXIDE
Charles A. Kraus, Ralph H. Bullard
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1929; 51(12); 3605-3609.
(346k)
 
STUDIES RELATING TO METHYL TIN DERIVATIVES. I. INTRODUCTION. II. ACTION OF ZINC ON TRIMETHYL TIN BROMIDE. III. TRIMETHYL TIN PHENOLATE. IV. DECAMETHYLSTANNOBUTANE
Charles A. Kraus, Arthur M. Neal
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1929; 51(8); 2403-2407.
(339k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. LI. Conductance of Some Salts in Ethylene Chloride and Pyridine
Edward J. Bair, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1951; 73(6); 2459-2461.
(397k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XXII. Conductance of Ethylene Dichloride Solutions of Some Quaternary Ammonium Salts Having Large Negative Ions1
D. Leigh Fowler, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1940; 62(8); 2237-2240.
(388k)
 
Properties of Electrolytic Solutions. XV. Thermodynamic Properties of Very Weak Electrolytes
Raymond M. Fuoss, Charles A. Kraus
J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1935; 57(1); 1-4.
(388k)

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